Here we will consider strategies for expanding the basic summary – conclusion.


Here we will consider strategies for expanding the basic summary – conclusion.

But two words of advice have been in order. First, no matter how clever or beautifully executed, a conclusion cannot salvage a poorly written paper. Second, by virtue of their placement, the final outcome carries rhetorical weight. It will be the statement that is last reader will encounter before turning from your own work. Realizing this, writers who expand regarding the summary-conclusion that is basic want to give their final words a dramatic flourish, an elevated amount of diction. Soaring custom essay now drama and rhetoric in a conclusion are fine provided that they cannot unbalance the paper and call attention to themselves. Having labored long hours over your paper, you have every right to wax eloquent. But keep a sense of timing and proportion. Make your points quickly and end crisply.

Statement of the Subject’s Significance

One of the most effective ways to conclude a paper is always to discuss the larger need for that which you have written, providing readers with an additional reason to regard your work as a serious effort. When utilizing this tactic, you move from the concern that is specific of paper towards the broader concerns associated with reader’s world. Often, you will have to choose among a range of significances: A paper from the Wright brothers might end with a discussion of air travel as it affects economies, politics, or families; a paper on contraception might end with a discussion of the effect on sexual mores, population, or even the church. But try not to overwhelm your reader with the importance of the remarks. Maintain your discussion well focused.

The following paragraphs conclude a paper on George H. Shull, a pioneer in the inbreeding and crossbreeding of corn:

. . . Thus, the hybrids developed and described by Shull 75 years back have finally dominated U.S. corn production.

The adoption of hybrid corn was steady and dramatic in the Corn Belt. From 1930 through 1979 the typical yields of corn within the U.S. increased from 21.9 to 95.1 bushels per acre, and the value that is additional the farmer is currently several billion dollars per year.

The success of hybrid corn in addition has stimulated the breeding of other crops, such as sorghum hybrids, a major feed grain crop in arid elements of the entire world. Sorghum yields have increased 300 percent since 1930. Approximately 20 percent associated with land dedicated to rice production in China is planted with hybrid seed, which can be reported to yield 20 percent significantly more than the very best varieties. And lots of superior types of tomatoes, cucumbers, spinach, and other vegetables are hybrids. Today almost all corn produced in the developed countries is from hybrid seed. From those blue bloods of the plant kingdom has arrived a model for feeding the world. 10

The first sentence with this conclusion is a summary, and from this your reader can infer that the paper included a discussion of Shull’s processes for the hybrid breeding of corn. The summary is accompanied by a two-paragraph discussion on the importance of Shull’s research for feeding the whole world.

Call for Further Research

When you look at the scientific and social communities that are scientific papers often end with overview of what has been presented (as, as an example, in an experiment) as well as the ways that the topic under consideration needs to be further explored. That you call on others to answer, however, make sure you know that the research you are calling for hasn’t already been conducted if you raise questions.

This next conclusion comes from a sociological report from the placement of elderly women and men in nursing homes.

Thus, our study shows a correlation involving the placement of elderly citizens in nursing facilities in addition to significant decline of these motor and intellectual skills on the ten months placement that is following. What the investigation has not made clear is the extent to which this decline that is marked due to physical in place of emotional causes. Older people are referred to homes at that time inside their lives if they grow less in a position to take care of themselves – which implies that the drop-off in skills might be as a result of causes that are physical. But the emotional stress of being put in a house, far from family and in a breeding ground that confirms the patient’s view of himself as decrepit, may exacerbate – if you don’t itself be a primary cause of – the in-patient’s rapid loss in abilities. Further research is required to clarify the partnership between depression and particular physical ailments as these affect the skills of the elderly in nursing facilities. There clearly was little doubt that information yielded by such studies can enable health care professionals to supply more effective services.

Notice how this call for further study locates the author in a large community of researchers on whom she depends for assistance in answering the questions that have come out of her very own work. The writer summarizes her findings (into the first sentence of the paragraph), states what her work has not shown, and then extends her invitation.

The purpose of your paper may be to review a challenge or controversy also to discuss factors that are contributing. In such a full case, it will be appropriate, after summarizing your discussion, to offer an answer based on the knowledge you’ve gained while conducting research. In the event the option would be to be studied seriously, your understanding must be amply demonstrated in the body of this paper.

. . . The problem that is major college sports today just isn’t commercialism – this is the exploitation of athletes plus the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards.

Many universities are currently deriving benefits that are substantial sports programs that rely on the labor of athletes drawn from the poorest chapters of America’s population. This is the responsibility of educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens to see that these young adults get a return that is fair their labor in both terms of direct remuneration as well as in terms of career preparation for a life outside sports.

Minimally, scholarships in revenue-producing sports should be made to extend until graduation, as opposed to covering only four many years of athletic eligibility, and really should include guarantees of tutoring, counseling, and proper care that is medical. At institutions where in actuality the profits are particularly large (such as for instance Texas A &M, which could manage to pay its football coach $280,000 a , scholarships should also provide salaries that extend beyond room, board, and tuition year. The main thing is the fact that the athlete be remunerated fairly and have the opportunity to achieve skills from a university environment without undue competition from a physically and psychologically demanding full-time job. This may well require that scholarships be extended over five or six years, including summers.

Such a proposal, I suspect, won’t be simple to implement. The amateur that is current, despite its moral and educational flaws, enables universities to hire their athletic labor at minimal cost. But solving the fiscal crisis for the universities on the backs of America’s poor and minorities is not, in the long run, a solution that is tenable. Using the support of concerned educators, parents, and civil rights leaders, and with the help from organized labor, the college athlete, truly a sleeping giant, will someday speak out and demand what exactly is rightly his – and hers – a fair share of the revenue developed by their time and effort. 11

The author summarizes his article in one sentence: “the most important problem in college sports today is certainly not commercialism – it is the exploitation of athletes plus the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards. in this conclusion” In paragraph 2, he continues with an analysis of this problem just stated and follows with a recommendation that is general that “educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens” be accountable for the welfare of college athletes. In paragraph 3, he makes a proposal that is specific and in the final paragraph, he anticipates resistance to your proposal. He concludes by discounting this resistance and returning to the general point, that college athletes should receive a fair deal.

An anecdote is a briefly told story or joke, the true point of which in a conclusion would be to shed light in your subject. The anecdote is much more direct than an allusion. With an allusion, you merely make reference to a tale (“Too many people today live in Plato’s cave . . .”); utilizing the anecdote, you really retell the story. The anecdote allows readers to realize because they get to exercise their creativity for themselves the significance of a reference to another source – an effort most readers enjoy.


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